Many healthcare providers prescribe Tapazole for their patients with an overactive thyroid. This medicine can be used by both children and adults. It works to disrupt the production of thyroid hormone by preventing the oxidation of iodine. Humans aren't the only ones who can benefit from this product -- veterinarians use Tapazole to treat hyperthyroidism in cats.
What Is Tapazole Used For?Tapazole® (methimazole) is a prescription medication used to treat an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). In people with this condition, the thyroid gland produces too much hormone. There are several hyperthyroidism causes, the most common of which is Graves' disease.
Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include but are not limited to:
- Weight loss despite increased appetite
- Feeling warm and being unable to tolerate heat
- Feeling nervous, restless, or jittery
- An enlarged thyroid gland (a goiter)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- A rapid or irregular heart rate.
While some people find certain symptoms of hyperthyroidism (such as weight loss) to be desirable, this is a serious condition that needs to be treated. Treatment for an overactive thyroid can vary, depending on the cause and other factors, but may include:
- Antithyroid medications like Tapazole
- Surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland
- Radioactive destruction of all or part of the thyroid gland using radioactive thyroid.
While surgical or radioactive treatment can cure hyperthyroidism, most people who undergo these procedures will need to take thyroid replacement medication (such as Synthroid®) for the rest of their lives.
Antithyroid medications like Tapazole are useful for controlling hyperthyroidism while a person prepares for surgery or for radioactive iodine treatment, or to treat excessively high thyroid hormone levels (a "thyroid storm") that sometimes occur as the result of surgery or radiation treatment. The medication may also be used if a person is not a good candidate for surgery or radioactive treatment.