Budesonide nasal spray is used for treating perennial and seasonal nasal allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, nasal stuffiness, and runny nose. It is approved for use in both adults and children as young as six years old. Budesonide nasal spray is available by prescription and is typically used once a day. Potential side effects include sore throat, nosebleeds, and wheezing.
What Is Budesonide Nasal Spray?
Budesonide nasal spray (Rhinocort Aqua®) is a prescription nasal spray licensed to treat sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, and nasal itching due to allergies (known medically as allergic rhinitis) in adults and children as young as six years old. Budesonide nasal spray can be used to treat both seasonal allergies and allergies that occur all year long (known as perennial allergies).
Allergies occur when the body's immune system reacts to normally harmless substances that do not bother most people. This immune system reaction is known as inflammation and involves several different types of cells and several different chemicals in the body.
Budesonide nasal spray is a corticosteroid, or simply "steroid" for short. Steroids can have many different effects in the body, including anti-inflammatory effects. Steroids decrease inflammation by limiting the body's ability to produce an immune system reaction. They can be effective for treating conditions such as allergies. However, long-term use of steroids can cause bothersome and sometimes serious side effects, and this limits their usefulness. Because budesonide is a nasal spray, its effects are generally limited to the nose. This helps prevent many of the long-term side effects of steroids.
Written by/reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last reviewed by: KristiMonson, PharmD;
List of references (click here):
Rhinocort Aqua [package insert]. Wilmington, DE: AstraZeneca LP;2005 January.
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: Approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed August 2, 2007.
Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 7th ed. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2005.
National Library of Medicine (US). Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMED). NLM Web site. Available at: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT. Accessed August 2, 2007.
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