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What Is a Schedule V Controlled Substance?

Schedule V substances are the least restricted of the scheduled drugs. Like Schedules III and IV, they can take the form of faxed, verbal, or written prescriptions, and they can be refilled as many times as the prescriber authorizes for up to one year (according to federal law). However, many states restrict Schedule V refills much as in the same manner as Schedule II or III medications (they may be refilled no more than five times in six months from the date of issue).
In some states, Schedule V drugs may not need a prescription; however, they still must be dispensed by a pharmacist. For example, pseudoephedrine is not a Schedule II to V drug according to federal law, but it is scheduled in some states. The stricter law prevails in these situations. Schedule V substances have the following characteristics:
  • Have low abuse potential compared to Schedule IV substances
  • Have a currently accepted medical use in the United States
  • Abuse may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence compared to Schedule IV drugs.
Examples of Schedule V substances include:
Contact your local pharmacist for more information about controlled substances.
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