Atarax® (hydroxyzine hydrochloride) is a prescription drug licensed for various uses. It is commonly used to treat anxiety and to relieve itching. Atarax comes in liquid and tablet form. Atarax liquid is only available in one strength, but the tablets come in three different strengths. The following forms and strengths are available for this medication:
- Hydroxyzine hydrochloride 10 mg tablets
- Hydroxyzine hydrochloride 25 mg tablets
- Hydroxyzine hydrochloride 50 mg tablets
- Hydroxyzine hydrochloride 10 mg per 5 mL syrup.
Atarax belongs to a group of medications commonly known as first-generation (sedating) antihistamines. It works for itching by blocking histamine receptors. Its anti-anxiety activity is probably due to effects in certain parts of the brain.
This medicine can cause relaxation of skeletal muscles, and has anticholinergic activity, which means it blocks acetylcholine receptors and is probably why it helps to alleviate nausea.
(Click Atarax for more information on both tablet and liquid forms, to find out what side effects may occur, and to learn about the warnings associated with this product.)